Both houses backed the "Brexit bill" and after securing symbolic approval from Queen Elizabeth, expected in the coming days, May has the right to begin what could be Britain's most complex negotiations since World War ll.
This would give the Lords and Commons the opportunity to accept or reject - in two separate votes- the final deal Mrs May negotiates with the European Union prior to the UK's departure from the bloc.
May could begin the process as early as Tuesday, but it's expected to be postponed until the end of the month to avoid a clash with Dutch elections on Wednesday.
The passing of the legislation is overshadowed by the possibility of Scotland's exit from the United Kingdom as the country called on for the referendum in order not to leave the EU.
He has also repeatedly dismissed calls for a public referendum on the final exit deal Britain negotiates with the European Union, claiming it was merely an attempt to "wreck" Brexit.
It also comes after Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said she wanted an independence referendum to be held between the autumn of 2018 and the spring of the following year.
The report "Article 50 negotiations: Implications of "no deal" is the first select committee report to focus specifically on the implications of a "no deal" between Britain and the EU.
"She should tell that to the European Union migrants in Britain who have no idea what their future holds because of decisions made by her government", Corbyn said.
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And I thought without two outstanding saves from Craig Gordon they could have had more. It's disappointing for myself that I had two one-on-ones.
Brexit secretary David Davis said the vote meant the government could "get on with the job" of negotiating Britain's exit from the EU.
But speaking on Newsnight, the Finnish MP insisted that the two would come up with "principles" at the start of their negotiations with exact sums being decided later in the process.
Once free of the EU, May's government would also have to revise United Kingdom laws and negotiate several bilateral trade agreements worldwide.
But the clock looks set to work against Britain as the timetable calls for the country to be out of the bloc in two-years time.
A huge demonstration has been organised for March 25 to coincide with the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome which established the European Economic Commission.
It is expected in late May to early June - almost a year after Britain's referendum vote to leave the bloc.
Pressed on the issue on Monday, a Downing Street spokesman said that Mrs May "shared [the ministers'] view that a bad deal would be worse than no deal".
But Mr Davis succeeded in warding off a potential rebellion in the lower chamber, the House of Commons, where Ms May only has a slim majority, from a handful of pro-EU Conservatives who say parliament should be able to prevent the government walking away from negotiations and leaving without a deal.