Yale to Rename Calhoun College After Pioneering Computer Scientist Grace Hopper

Yale to Rename Calhoun College After Pioneering Computer Scientist Grace Hopper

Salovey said the university chose Hopper as the new name of the residential college after going through a large list of nominated former Yale students.

According to CBS News, John C. Calhoun graduated from Yale in 1804 and went on to become a SC senator.

Yale previously said it wouldn't rename Calhoun College, a decision that sparked a massive debate and led to a student protest in 2015.

The committee Yale established in August to study renaming Calhoun College established four principles to evaluate the issue: whether the namesake's main legacy fundamentally conflicts with the university's mission; whether the principal legacy was contested during the namesake's lifetime; the reason the university honored that person; and whether the building plays a substantial role in forming community at Yale. "The decision to retain Calhoun College's name reflects the importance of this vital educational imperative".

"People of good will and intelligence have many different perspectives on this question", Salovey said.

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"In considering these principles, it became clear that Calhoun College presents an exceptionally strong case - perhaps uniquely strong - that allows it to overcome the powerful presumption against renaming articulated in the report", Salovey wrote. "How do you contextualise the choice made in the 1930s and the choice it made ever since to keep it", Mr Rabb, an educator and state representative in Pennsylvania, told the AP. After leaving Yale, Hopper went on to teach at Vassar College, work on some of the earliest computers, and rise to rank of rear admiral in the U.S. Navy.

Black students staged demonstrations against the college whose walls were embellished with slaves carrying cotton bales, calling it "Calhoun's Plantation", according to the New York Times. The colleges have their own dining halls, libraries and live-in faculty "masters" (recently controversially renamed as "head of colleges") and command fierce alumni loyalty.

Calhoun, the nation's seventh vice president, attended Yale and was its valedictorian.

"Just last week, (U.S. Sen.) Elizabeth Warren, (D-Mass.), was silenced by fellow senators for speaking out against a man who has a history of bigotry and racism", she said. This follows protests at the Ivy League campus over names and symbols related to slavery and oppression. Salovey said the new guidelines were very helpful in making the decision and said he hoped that might be helpful to other universities and colleges. Criminal charges have since been dropped and Yale has rehired Mr Menafee, who had described the image as offensive.

A programming language her team invented in the 1950s was a predecessor to the widely-used COBOL. She was honored many times, including posthumously with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

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