2016 officially the hottest year on record

For the third year in a row, the world experienced its warmest year on the books, global scientists have determined.

Derek Arndt, head of NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information monitoring branch, presented records from groups using six different processes for monitoring global temperature, including the United Kingdom weather service Met Office, calculations from different academics and raw NOAA data that hasn't been corrected to account for changes in sea temperature measurements.

In all, scientists say humans have warmed the planet about 1 degree Celsius since around the time of the Industrial Revolution.

According to NOAA, 2016 was 1.69 degrees (0.94 degrees Celsius) warmer than the 20th Century average.

The Columbus Dispatch reported that NASA's findings, which included data from the Arctic region, showed the average global temperature in 2016 was 0.22 degrees Fahrenheit (0.12 Celsius) warmer than it was in 2015.

"2016 is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series". Scientists have found that earth's temperature in 2016 was hotter than it has ever been before.

The World Meteorological Organization and other global weather monitoring groups agreed that 2016 was a record, with the worldwide weather agency chief Petteri Taalas saying "temperatures only tell part of the story" of extreme warming. This was the highest among all 137 years in the 1880-2016 record, surpassing the previous record set last year by 0.07°F (0.04°C). "We don't expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear". October, November, and December of 2016 were the second warmest of those months on record - in all three cases, behind records set in 2015.

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A record El Niño lasting from 2015 into 2016 played a role in further pushing the planet's temperature higher.

"Contributing greatly to the recent large positive anomalies in and high rankings of mean temperature, this trend is likely related to higher humidity values, which may be related to consistently higher-than-average sea-surface temperatures in the western Atlantic Ocean, including the Gulf of Mexico", Daniel Brouillette and David Zierden wrote in the state's annual climate report.

The Arctic was almost 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit hotter a year ago than in preindustrial period, a "very large change" according to Goddard Institute for Space Studies director Gavin Schmidt. We're only seeing these records because of greenhouse gases, not El Niño.

They mostly blame man-made global warming with help from a natural El Nino, which has since disappeared, meaning 2017 may see less unusual and record breaking weather.

These atmospheric changes, along with increasing ocean temperatures, indicate most of the warming is caused by the release of greenhouse gases by human activity, scientists stated.

"We have also broken sea ice minimum records in the Arctic and Antarctic", Taalas said.

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