United Nations warns of growing resistance to AIDS drugs

United Nations warns of growing resistance to AIDS drugs

The report said AIDS-related deaths have fallen from 1.9 million in 2005 to one million in 2016, adding that "for the first time the scales have tipped".

Eastern and Southern Africa are showing the most progress, reducing AIDS-related deaths by 42 percent and new HIV infections by almost 30 percent since 2010, the report said.

However, progress towards the 90-90-90 targets has been inadequate in the Middle East and North Africa and Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

According to the report, there has been trial of one new HIV vaccine efficacy trial, while another would hold this year.

A UNAIDS report published yesterday found that 57,000 people living with HIV in the country were accessing antiretroviral therapy, representing 80 percent of all people estimated to be infected.

According to the data from the government's five-year National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS for 2016-2020, HIV prevalence among key populations - people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, and sex workers - is high, at 28.5 percent, 11.6 percent and 14.6 percent, respectively.

Malawi, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe have cut new infections by 40 percent or more since 2010.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV  AIDS
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV AIDS

Most progress has been made in east and southern Africa, the region that was hardest hit by the epidemic and where many interventions were focused. These 10 countries itself accounted for more than 95% of the total new HIV infections in the region in 2016.

With these improvements, UNAids sees the world has been on track to reach the "global target of 30 million people on treatment by 2020". AIDS-related deaths in the region have decreased by 36% since 2010.

At the end of 2016, these proportions were 70%, 77% and 82%, according to Unaids. Under these prior administrations, the department worked to reduce the number of HIV infections across the country by treating those living with the virus and providing educational programs on prevention.

Sixty percent of all people who receive anti-retroviral therapy live in east and southern Africa, which, along with west and central Europe and the Americas, is on target to meet the so-called 90-90-90 targets set by the United Nations, said the report. "AIDS isn't over and it doesn't serve the AIDS response when UNAIDS is practicing grade inflation", said Terri Ford, AHF's chief of global advocacy and policy.

The U.N. AIDS agency said that deaths related to AIDS are also now close to half of the 2005 number albeit the figures are estimates and not based on actual counts.

Among them, 1.8 million were children and 2.1 million people contracted HIV in 2015 itself.

It said that 88pc of women living with HIV in Myanmar were accessing services for the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission. Out of those who knew their HIV status, only 52% were taking ART therapy and 83% of same are virally suppressed.

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