United Nations member countries approve global nuclear treaty

United Nations member countries approve global nuclear treaty

Mentioning the United Nations conference focused on negotiating "a legally binding treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination", which is due to conclude on Friday (7 July), the Bishops said that all the nations in the world should work towards achieving this goal.

Netherlands, the only NATO member state to participate in the proceedings, voted against the treaty while Singapore abstained.

France, for its part, remains determined to implement the next concrete stages in nuclear disarmament, in accordance with its commitments under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

"The world has been waiting for this legal norm for 70 years,"said Whyte Gomez, referring to the nuclear bombs the USA dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 during World War II". The Draft of the UN Treaty to ban nuclear weapons would commit signers to "never use nuclear weapons and never develop, manufacture, or otherwise acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear devises".

"Nuclear weapons are some of the most terrifying weapons ever invented".

Ms. Fihn said the standoff between North Korea and the United States over the North's nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles illustrated what she called the fallacy that the deterrence theory can keep the peace.

France has already taken concrete, substantial nuclear disarmament measures, in particular by halving its nuclear arsenal, stopping nuclear tests, ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and irreversibly closing its facilities which produce fissile material for nuclear weapons.

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Except for one thing: None of the countries that actually have nuclear weapons adopted the treaty, so it doesn't technically apply to them. But all nuclear states and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation members have boycotted the negotiations except for the Netherlands, which has US nuclear weapons on its territory and was urged by its parliament to send a delegation to the negotiations. It also calls for states to undertake environmental remediation for areas contaminated by nuclear weapons use or testing, and for states to provide assistance to victims "including medical care, rehabilitation, and psychological support, as well as provide for their social and economic inclusion".

That pact sought to prevent the spread of atomic arms beyond the five original weapons powers - the U.S., Russia, Britain, France and China.

Other countries that voted in favor include Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, Brazil, South Africa, Egypt, Iraq, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and the Philippines.

All humanity expects that nuclear-armed States join the treaty "sooner than later", but "I have no dates", she said.

Welcoming "an important step" towards a nuclear-free world, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the treaty reflects growing "awareness of the catastrophic humanitarian consequences" of a nuclear war.

She asked if anyone thought North Korea would give up its nuclear weapons, stressing that North Koreans would be "cheering" a nuclear ban treaty - and Americans and others would be at risk.

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